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C8.1 SEND

Special Educational Needs and Disability (SEND)

Introduction:

Greenfields follows the SEND Code of Practice (January 2015) statutory guidance by the Department for Education and the Department of Health in relation to children with special educational needs and disability. We positively welcome children of all abilities within our nursery. The definition of special need outlined in the code of practice is;

“A child has SEN if they have a learning difficulty or disability which calls for special educational provision to be made for him or her”.

A child has a learning difficulty if he or she: - Has significantly greater difficulty in learning than the majority of children of the same age or - Has a disability which either prevents or hinders him or her from making use of educational facilities of a kind provided for children of the same age in maintained schools.

In addition to the Code of Practice we also take regard to and follow the Equality Act 2010, EYFS Statutory Framework 2014, The Special Educational Needs and Disability Regulations 2014 and Children and Families Act 2014

The EYFS Statutory Framework 3.67 outlines that Providers must have agreements in place to support children with SEN or disabilities…….Providers are expected to identify a SENCO.

SENCO:

There is a named SENCO for each setting who is experienced and fully trained. Their responsibilities include day-to-day management of the SEND policy and:

  • Ensuring liaison with parents and other professionals in respect of children with special educational needs including regular review meetings
  • Advising and supporting practitioners in the setting
  • Ensuring early identification and appropriate intervention is implemented.
  • Ensuring appropriate Individual Provision Maps are in place
  • Ensuring that relevant background information about individual children with special educational needs is collated, recorded and updated.
  • Support transition arrangements
  • Make necessary referrals and funding applications such as Inclusive Support Grant (ISG)

Management Role:

The Centre’s Management team have a responsibility to support children with special educational needs and disabilities in the following ways:

  • To ensure that necessary provision is made for children with special educational needs or a disability
  • Regularly meet with the SENCO to ensure an awareness of all children requiring support and what support has been implemented.
  • Providing specific and general training relating to SEND
  • Ensure that the staff in the centre are aware of the importance in identifying and providing for children with special needs.
  • Ensure that children with special needs are included in the activities of the centre, so far as is reasonably practical.
  • To support the SENCO in implementing the policy and procedures relating to special needs.
  • Actively prevent and challenge any form of discrimination or any exclusions from the service we provide.

Partnership with Parents:

We believe that children achieve and enjoy a positive experience at nursery when staff and parents work together. Parents have a unique knowledge of their child and we encourage them to share this knowledge with their child’s key worker. The key worker will talk to parents regularly, to share information on their child’s progress and to discuss any concerns they may have. Parents will be invited to review meetings and to contribute to their child’s Individual Provision Map. Information on support agencies is available in the nursery.

Admission Arrangements:

Our usual admissions policy criteria applies to all children. If a child with special educational needs or disability applies for a child care place at Greenfields, we will arrange a meeting with parents and relevant support agencies to obtain a comprehensive picture of the child’s needs.

The nursery is able to apply for additional funding which enables us to provide support and make reasonable adjustments to our provision. In order to give each child the support they require any adjustments to provision should be made before the child starts. This may at times cause a delay in the child being able to start nursery. If any complications arise during implementation of plans, these will be and discussed with parents and relevant professional workers. If Greenfield’s staff feel that we are unable to support a child with considerable additional needs, we may ask that alternative care be found.

Adjustments and Considerations:

Where needed we will make reasonable adjustments to our environment and practice to ensure that all children are included and given equal opportunity. All of our nurseries are accessible to children and adults with a disability by means of:

  • wide doors with low handles
  • ramps to play areas
  • accessible toilet/wash facilities

When planning nursery outings and special events, consideration will be given to the needs of children with SEN or disability and arrangements made for them to be included.

We aim to ensure that resources and learning tasks are suitably varied to match individual learning needs. We maximize the use of resources in the centre to provide the best possible learning opportunities for the children

The SEND Code of Practice Graduated Approach:

Greenfields follows the graduated approach recommended in the SEND Code of Practice 2015. This approach involves a 4 point process to identifying and implementing the correct support:

  1. Assess
  2. Plan
  3. Do
  4. Review

Greenfields implements this process in the following way:

  1. The child’s key person will monitor all areas of the child’s development. They will observe the child in order to identify the areas of need. Any concerns raised will be discussed with the parents and the SENCO.
  2. The key worker and SENCO will meet with parents and discuss concerns and support needed. Support strategies and/or Individual Provision Map targets will be considered alongside any necessary support from other professionals
  3. Strategies and/or targets will be implemented and referrals will be made if necessary
  4. Support and progress will be reviewed regularly with parents and any other professionals involved.

This process is ongoing and continues to repeat until no longer needed or the child moves on to the next setting. Wherever possible the thoughts and views of the child are considered

How support will be implemented:

When planning all areas of nursery provision children’s individual needs and development stages are taken in consideration as a priority. Activities are adapted to ensure all children can access them and all areas of the curriculum will be available to all children. If children have their own strategies these will be implemented throughout each session in order for them to make progress. If children need additional support that cannot be offered as part of our day to day practice then funding can be applied for to offer them some 1-1 support during the session. This will give an opportunity for their key worker to help them work on their individual targets.

When involving other agencies permission will always be sought from parents. Sharing information with other professionals is an important resource when implementing support for children however our Confidentiality policy still applies and only agreed upon and relevant information will be shared.

Once concerns are identified it may be necessary to initiate an Early Help Assessment (formally CAF) in order to ensure all of the professionals involved work together to agreed aims to ensure the best outcomes for the child.

When the child is ready to leave the nursery it is important to ensure a smooth transition into the next setting. The SENCO will contact the new setting and if necessary arrange a transition meeting including all professionals and the parents. A transfer record will be sent to the new setting with any other significant supporting information such as Individual provision Maps or reports

Staff Development and Training:

We recognise the value of ongoing training and staff are encouraged to attend training on supporting children with special educational needs. Any information about special educational needs gathered by our SENCO will be made available to all staff.

Working with the Local Authority:

Greenfields contributes to the Local Authorities Local Offer. This sets out the support available across the city for education, health and social care for children with SEND. This includes provision maps which outlines to parents the support that early years settings aim to provide for children with SEND. Greenfields always aims to be inclusive and to make adjustments where possible including staff training to meet these recommendations

Education, Health and Care (EHC) Plans:

Children will be taught about safety and protecting themselves at every opportunity during their time at nursery. Staff will take into consideration children’s level of understanding and their stage of development in order to encourage them to become independent and keep themselves safe. As children get older it is important for them to understand why they should or should not do something in order to make safe choices in the future. Age appropriate explanations will be incorporated into activities to give them practical examples. During their time at nursery children will be encouraged to take risks and solve challenges for themselves to encourage independence and progress in development. Childcare staff will ensure that this can take place in a safe environment and with adequate supervision and support. However when learning to be independent children may hurt themselves or others. This is not the desired outcome and will be managed in a way that risk is minimized.